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News about elevators

Installation of elevators. Manhattan - full of skyscrapers of people

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Manhattan is the most famous area of ​​New York, which is its "heart". The island of Manhattan was opened in 1609 by the English captain Henry Hudson (by the way, in honor of him, the river dividing the states of New York was named). It stretches for 21 km along the coast of the Hudson River. Often, speaking of New York, US residents have in mind Manhattan - the main cultural and financial center of the whole country.

It is almost impossible to get lost in Manhattan, all the streets are numbered from south to north, and quarters are numbered from 1 to 16 from west to east. Such an architectural breakdown looks like the idea of ​​a rectangular grid and is perfectly visible on the map. Manhattan is conditionally divided into three parts: Aptown (Upper), Middletown (Middle) and Downtown (Lower).
It is with the city of Downtown that the tourists who come here begin their journey, in which the most famous and longest street of Manhattan - Broadway originates. It is home to numerous shops, shopping centers, banks, restaurants, theaters and attractions. This is the stock exchange of New York, and City Hall - the local city hall, and the Brooklyn Bridge - a great engineering structure, and Herald Square, and much more.

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In Middletown life is boiling even more. Here you can see the Empire State Building, Times Square, Bryan Park, the New York Public Library, the Kolmabas Circle and of course the Central Park, where you can relax on the numerous lawns from the hustle and bustle of the streets, have a small picnic and enjoy impressions received from Manhattan.
Aptown, located north of the Central Park, is less attractive for tourists, although there is a lot of interesting. Most of it is occupied by Harlem - the "black capital of America", in which the crime rate has dropped significantly and museums, cinemas, shops and shopping centers are opening more and more often. In this area is Columbia University, part of the Ivy League.
In Manhattan, most of New York's attractions are located, including many skyscrapers. The very first skyscraper - House-iron was built in the early XX century and has a triangular shape. Modern skyscrapers amaze with their greatness: the Ampar-State Building, which has long been a visiting card of Manhattan and has 102 floors, magnificent Chrysler Building, Grandt Central - the railway station, and many others.
An interesting sightseeing facility is the Nelson Tower, which has a height of 171 meters. In the tower only 40 floors and maintenance of elevators are made regularly. One of the special buildings of Manhattan is the Hayden Planetarium, located in the Upper West Side in the Museum of Earth and Space Rose.

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The Church of St. Paul is the most ancient landmark of the city. The building, made in Georgian style, has been preserved since 1766! Also the historical monuments include the Church of the Holy Trinity, the Church of the Holy Communion, the Grace-si mansion, the St. John the Divine Cathedral and the buildings in the style of the Greek Renaissance, dating back to the XIX century.
No less attractive places for tourists are the numerous museums: the Museum of American Crafts, the Museum of Memory on September 11, the Metropolitan Museum, the Gallery of the American Bible Society and others.

In the concert halls of Lincoln Center, Carnegie Hall and the Broadway Theater you can see various performances and musicals. The most famous cultural institution in Manhattan is the Manhattan Center. This is a whole complex, which includes several ballrooms, concert stages and recording studios. There are regularly held various events attracting a large number of tourists.

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Manhattan is also famous for its various entertainment venues. These are sports clubs, health centers and spa salons, two wonderful zoos in which not only children, but also adults, nightclubs and more are spending time with great joy. Lovers of shopping will also be satisfied. Here in each district in a large number are located shopping pavilions, prestigious shops fashion boutiques.
After a long trip to Manhattan, you will definitely want to refresh yourself in one of the many restaurants and cafes. Leading positions among tourists have won restaurant Harry's, cafe The Chef, coffee house Radina's Coffeehouse, bar So Long and others.
A profound trail of destruction and sorrow left a terrorist act in Manhattan in September 2011 and the hurricane Sandi, which continued to rage from October 29 to October 31, 2012. Despite this, Manhattan remains the main area not only of New York, but of the whole country.

Manhattan with its crazy rhythm of life, sparkling lights and majestic skyscrapers can not leave any tourist indifferent. Moreover, anyone who has ever been here once, will certainly want to come back again.

Installation of elevators. Petronas Towers Kuala Lumpur Malaysia

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Designed by the Argentine architect César Pelly, the Petronas Twin Towers, are one of the most interesting places in Kuala Lumpur, where visiting is on the first place in the list of every tourist who comes to Malaysia.
The towers of Petronas are built according to all the canons of Islamic architecture. The eight-pointed star was taken as the basis of the buildings, as a symbol of Islam, the main religion of Malaysia.

The towers were built long enough from 1992 to 1998. The customer of the construction was Petronas oil and gas company, in honor of which the towers were named. The construction of each of the towers was conducted by two different companies in order to create competition and increase labor productivity on both sides. And, thus, to speed up the erection of skyscrapers.
The towers were erected on soft ground. The foundation, on which the architectural structures were located, was flooded for several days. The depth was more than one hundred meters. In the history of today and today, this foundation can rightfully be considered the largest on a world scale. Also, the installation of elevators in the amount of 78 pieces was made. Maintenance of elevators is carried out by qualified specialists. Emergency elevator services work around the clock.

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Skyscrapers reach a height of 452 meters, and consist of 88 floors. The towers housed office buildings, art galleries, conference rooms, museums, a concert hall, and a mosque. Modern and traditional art, classic and modern, national costumes and artifacts can all be seen in the art gallery. Pictures of famous artists and local talents will also please you with their uncommonness. The local symphony orchestra of Malaysia plays in the concert hall.

The towers are connected by a chic glass bridge, called the Sky Bridge. The bridge does not have a fixed mount (the mount consists of hinges), so even the stormy weather is not terrible for him. The bridge is located at an altitude of 170 meters from the ground at the level of 41-42 floors. There is an observation deck on the bridge. It has a wonderful view of the city and KLCC Park at the foot of the towers.
Petronas Twin Towers - the highest among all the other twin towers. Originally the highest towers in America (Chicago) were considered. Their height reached 527 meters. But during the commission, the fact that the main height falls on TV antennas was revealed, so it was decided by unanimous decision to remove the American towers from the title "The highest twin towers".
Architects have made enormous efforts to make the towers of Petronas higher and majestic. The height of the towers was increased by the spiers, giving an overall appearance to both structures.
The towers of Petronas impress with its scale. Their unusual appearance, height and grandeur stun look and breathtaking. This is a visiting card not only for Kuala Lumpur, but for the whole of Malaysia.

Caution, the doors open

This year in Moscow there will be a Russian-Belarusian assembly production of elevators

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In the Memorandum of Joint Activity "Mogilevliftmash" and the Moscow enterprise "Vozduhotekhnika" agreed to move step by step from production cooperation to joint production of elevators on the basis of the Russian enterprise. The signing ceremony took place at the Belarusian embassy in Moscow.

FIRST LOCALIZATION, BECAUSE PRODUCTION

- Mogilevliftmash is one of the leaders in the elevator industry in the entire post-Soviet space. We know the Belarusian company as a quality and competitive partner. In addition, we already have experience of cooperation with the Mogilev plant "Electric Motor". With "Mogilevliftmash" we will work in stages, - said Oleg Sidorov, General Director of "Vozduhotekhnika".

The first step: nodal delivery, assembly and installation of elevators on the basis of "Vozduhotekhnika". The second: partial localization of production, allocation of the share of components from the production areas of the Russian enterprise.

"There is no sense in leading equipment from Russia to Mogilev, and then back to Moscow. This can save: reduce costs and increase competitiveness, "explains Sidorov. - Starting degree of localization - up to ten percent. Gradually it will reach 30 percent. These are frames, stretchers under the winch, details for framing from metal. Joint production will increase the number of jobs almost doubled. Now we have 350 employees.

In the Russian market, the Belarusian company is always among the leaders in the supply of elevators. So if last year in Russia installed more than 40 thousand lifts, of which about 10 thousand - Mogilev. For example, in the Bolshoi Theater in Moscow, at Baikonur, in the St. Petersburg Admiralty.

- "Mogilevliftmash" actively cooperates with "Nizhegorodliftmash" and "Nevsky lift". In Moscow, we traditionally supplied a small number of elevators, so the new production will only give an additional impetus to the Russian-Belarusian cooperation, - said Sergei Chertkov, deputy general director of Mogilevliftmash.

NEW LIFTER IN EVERY HOSPITAL

The Russian-Belarusian production will be located in the south-west of Moscow, near the Moscow Ring Road. The planned capacity is up to ten thousand elevators a year. Also, production of elevators with the use of a modern component base will be set up here - without gear winches, telemetry systems, modern indicator displays. The main sales market is the central district of Russia, Moscow and the Moscow region. The first fruits of the Russian-Belarusian cooperation will be appreciated in the autumn - at the Fifth Forum of Regions in Mogilev.

- By 2020, according to the requirements of the technical regulations of the Eurasian Economic Union, Russia should replace the old elevator park in the housing stock and social sphere. To ensure that elevators meet all modern safety requirements. So the Ministry of Construction of Russia launched the project of accelerated replacement of elevators, which is now being actively implemented in the regions. For example, last year it was possible to replace more than fifteen thousand elevators. But we also need additional production facilities, "said Sergei Chernyshov, president of the Association Russian Lift Association. - The next program that operates in Moscow is a renovation. It requires an increase in the volume of modern and high-quality elevators. And most importantly - the May decree of the President of Russia on the increase in the volume of housing construction by 2024 from 80 to 120 million square meters per year. In one and a half times increase the construction of multi-apartment, high-rise buildings, and therefore for their maintenance will need elevators.

Source: Information portal Union Universe

Installation of elevators. The history of the appearance of the first skyscrapers

Montazh liftov Chikago

The first high-rise buildings began to erect as early as the beginning of the 19th century. Before that there was an opinion that the construction of high-rise buildings is unprofitable from the economic point of view. It is for this reason that at that time the height of the tallest buildings was not more than six floors, besides, the water pumps of the day were not of a special power, except that they were able to lift water only at a 15-meter height.

Over time, as elevators with powerful pumps were invented, it became possible to build taller buildings. The architects together with the builders came to the conclusion that it would be more acceptable to build high-rise buildings, in particular for densely populated megacities, where the saving of the building site is extremely important.
It is considered that the skyscraper, which was built in Chicago in 1885, was the first skyscraper in the whole world at that time. This building stood only 46 years, due to the fact that in 1931. it destroyed. Its height was only 55 meters, which is very insignificant in comparison with the current skyscrapers, but its design was quite interesting. All because at its construction for the first time used technology with a bearing steel frame. This principle is used to build high-rise buildings in our time. it is extremely interesting that this technology does not erect bearing walls, they are simply replaced by the previously mentioned steel frame, to which other elements of the high-rise building are attached, including walls.

In the 20th century, the construction of high-rise buildings in the largest cities was progressing very fast.
Despite the fact that in our time there are many opponents of building high-rise buildings, the future still after them. In addition, from the point of view of the economy, this is the most optimal option, also, if we pay attention to the fact that the problem of the lack of territory is very acute.

The materials used for the erection of such buildings are constantly being improved. Already in our day, more and more often you can meet the facing with solar panels, which will easily solve the problem of energy saving. In cities such as Dubai, London, Moscow and Paris, there are rotating skyscrapers (designed by David Fisher), their floors can rotate around their vertical axis located by means of special mechanisms. Also, between their floors are hidden wind turbines, which are designed to generate energy for rotation, as well as electricity throughout the entire building. The same rotation provides a vertical axis, directly on which elevators and communications are located. Therefore, the installation of elevators in skyscrapers is a very important moment in the construction of skyscrapers.

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When creating projects of high-rise buildings, natural factors are always taken into consideration, because such a building can easily withstand possible hurricanes, strong and gusty winds, seismic activity and a number of other natural phenomena. One of the most urgent issues to date is the use of materials resistant to extreme temperatures, which make skyscrapers resilient to explosions. In connection with this, the Americans developed a unique material - reinforced concrete, reinforced with a special fiber. But then why in the development of new projects of skyscrapers preference is given to concrete? And this is due to the very high resistance to fire, in comparison with steel or glass, which is also often used in the construction of skyscrapers. In addition, now there is a great variety of different types of reinforced concrete, which can perfectly suit the construction of skyscrapers.

Speaking about the skyscrapers of the near future, I would also like to note that the main argument against high-rise construction is the statement that, allegedly, the skyscrapers spoil the architecture of the city. But it's not difficult to notice that the projects that are created by modern architects completely refute this view.

Installation of elevators. The tallest buildings

High-rise buildings have always been a testament to high technological achievements and the genius of human thought. In the modern world, the status of skyscrapers has increased even more. For cities and countries, the possession of super-high buildings brings not only prestige points, but also real people who want to see with their own eyes the latest technical and architectural achievements. Therefore, the race of "floors" is gaining ever higher speed. Builders produce installation of elevators of more complex structures and maintenance of elevators in skyscrapers has its own specifics for repair work.

The five tallest buildings in the world for 2018:

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1. Burj Khalifa. The tallest building in the world. The height of the skyscraper is 828 meters, and the floors in it are 162, and 160 of them are residential. The building was named in honor of the current President of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) - Sheikh Khalifa ibn Zayd al-Nahay. In the building installation of elevators in the amount of 57 pieces was made. But only the service elevator rises from the 1st floor to the very top. Residents of the same skyscraper have to move between floors with transplants. The speed of the elevators reaches 10 m / s. The opening ceremony of the giant skyscraper took place on January 4, 2010. The cost of building the facility amounted to $ 800 million. Construction lasted 6 years, with a speed of about 2 floors per week.

Shanghai Tower

2. The Shanghai Tower is a very tall building in Shanghai in the People's Republic of China. Buildings 632 meters high and a total area of ​​380,000 square meters. Next to the skyscraper are the Shanghai World Financial Center and the Jin Mao Tower.
On the channel "on the roofs" YouTube, two Russian-speaking extremals made their way to the construction site of the Shanghai Tower and scrambled to the mark of 650 meters. They were Vitaly Raskalov and Vadim Makhorov. Video on their channel today has gained more than 67 million views. You can see for yourself.

3. Abraj al-Bayt - a complex of skyscrapers, built in Saudi Arabia in Mecca.
By mass - this is the heaviest construction in the world and takes the third place in the world, after the tower of Burj Khalifa and Shanghai Tower.

The Royal Clock Tower Hotel

The highest skyscraper of the complex is the Royal Clock Tower Hotel. He serves as a hotel and receives about one hundred thousand pilgrims from 5 million, who annually come to Mecca for participation in the hajj.

The clock, located at around 400 meters, is the largest in the world. Dials with a diameter of 43 meters look at the four directions of the world, and the length of the minute hand is 22 meters, and the hour - 17. Giants-watches are visible from anywhere in the city.
The hotel "Royal Clock Tower" is a bit like Big Ben in London, but 6 times higher.
The 45-meter spire is crowned with a gilded crescent. On the spire are also in 160 very powerful loudspeakers, which broadcast a call to prayer for a distance of more than 7 km.

The highest building of the complex - the hotel "Royal Clock Tower" has a height of 601 meters. The construction was completed in 2012.

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4. International Financial Center Pinan in Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province, China - is a complex of facilities, which includes a 599-meter, 115-storey skyscraper with a total area of ​​468,600 m². The construction was completed in 2017 and the building became the 2nd tallest in China, and the 4th, among the tallest buildings, apart from the TV tower.

According to the original design, the building had a height of 660 meters and would be the second in the world and the first in China in height, but later it was abandoned from the spire so as not to interfere with aviation flights, and the altitude was reduced to 599 meters.

Lotte World Tower

5. Lotte World Tower is a 555 meter skyscraper in 123 floors, in the entertainment complex Lotte World in Seoul, South Korea. Construction began in 2005, but was suspended due to restrictions, due to the nearby airport. Only in 2009 the restrictions were lifted and in February 2010 the construction resumed. Originally, according to the project, the height of the building 555 meters made it one of the tallest buildings in the world, but due to height restrictions, time was lost. The owner and the main contractor are the companies that are part of the Lotte group of companies.

The building is a slender cone with a convex middle part. Light glass panels of the facade resemble traditional Korean ceramics. The building is located on the bank of the river Hangan. From the first floor to the sixth floor are shops, from 7 to 60 - office space, from 61 to 85 - apartments and from 86 to 119 - are hotels. The highest observation deck is on floors 120 to 123 and is always open for free access.

On March 27, 2016, two Russian photographers climbed to the top of the crane and filmed a video clip of the ascent. Watch the video.

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