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News about elevators

Installation of elevators. Petronas Towers

Tower Petronas

The capital of Malaysia Kuala Lumpur has many interesting sights. But, the most grandiose and majestic structure is the towers "Petronas". Many tourists, having got to Kuala Lumpur, first of all go to look at the famous towers - a masterpiece of architecture. The author of the project is the Argentine architect Cesar Pelli. He tried to put his bold ideas into the project. When you stand beside the twin towers, you involuntarily feel dizzy. In the name of the towers, the author put all the meaning. First of all, he was worried about the form. He analyzed, invented. And, finally, it was decided to build two next-standing buildings, which should be the highest in the world.

The Petronas oil corporation financed the construction.

The project and construction of the Petronas Towers Twin Towers was financed by Petronas State Petroleum Corporation. For all was spent about 800 million dollars. Some part of the expenses was financed by the large companies of Malaysia, which later occupied part of the office premises. The towers were connected to each other by covered junctions in the form of a bridge.

Petronas towers were made in the form of corn cobs, but with observance of all canons and traditions of Islamic architecture. The height of the towers "Petronas" is 452 meters and can be seen from all parts of the city. Both buildings have 88 floors. They accommodate office premises of companies, several restaurants and bars, a cinema, exhibition halls and a shopping center. On the 86th floor there is an observation deck. The most unique in the project is the air bridge "Sky Bridge", connecting both towers at the level of 41 and 42 floors.

On the sides of the towers there are semicircular projections, which have been built up for stability. The air bridge is located so that visitors can see the whole of Kuala Lumpur from a bird's eye view. The government of Malaysia demanded that the towers be decorated with steel spiers. Therefore, the towers "Petronas" are the highest twin towers in the world since 1998. These towers - skyscrapers should be a symbol of the new Malaysia, which is rapidly developing. The idea of ​​Cesar Pelly was embodied. Today the towers of Petronas are the face of Malaysia. The towers are a symbiosis of the most modern technologies, fantasies of the architect and traditions of Islam.

Two-storey elevators in the towers.

The buildings are impressive not only for their height. The total area of ​​all premises is forty-eight football fields. The foundation of the towers is installed on concrete piles that go deep into the earth for 100 meters. Since the towers did not have excess space for additional elevator shafts, the installation of elevators was carried out in a confined space and a cunning principle was applied here. All the elevators in the towers are two-story, that is, when landing on their own floor, if it is odd, then on the elevator you can only exit on an even floor, and if even, then on even. Interesting passenger elevators can be seen in the towers "Petronas". Maintenance of elevators is carried out regularly, mainly at night. But the elevator emergency services are experiencing some inconvenience, as if in an emergency situation they have to get people out of the elevator booths immediately on two floors, because the lifts are two-story. In total, 78 freight and passenger elevators are in the Petronas tower, and they are divided into tiers: up to the 16th floor one can climb on one group of elevators, from 16th to 41st floor - on the other, and to go up to the top floor, bridge. All elevators are very spacious and each elevator car is designed for 52 people. To go up to the top floor you need to spend a half minutes.
At night, the towers are backlit. Each tower has about 16,000 windows. The illuminated towers give the impression of a fairytale castle.

The images of the towers show how successfully the incompatible one was combined (different architectural styles and epochs were combined). The entire scale of investment should be convinced in the material well-being of the country.
The towers "Petronas" is the "Mecca" of the creators of computer games.
As in all of Asia, the service staff is friendly and friendly. At any time you will be honored and all your requests fulfilled.

Installation of elevators. Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk

The Yuzhno-Sakhalin family is stuck in a lift elevator

Lift perehod

The whole family was stuck in the elevator of the overground crossing. And the elevator was a secret. Not reading the operating instructions in which it was clearly written how to use the elevator. Just had to hold the button until it clicked, so that the door opening mechanism worked. But ... here there was a panic, maybe the family suffered from claustrophobia and instead of calling a dispatcher, the father of the family began to break the door, saving his wife and child in the stroller. What a miracle lift installed in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk - a secret under seven seals.

Lift perehod2aPassenger lift in the crossing works, despite the bent vandal-proof door. Now we will have to order the damaged equipment from the mainland, because on Sakhalin Island, there are no factories repairing elevator equipment.
People so did not like this elevator, that the vandals drew the entire cabin bending over the surveillance camera to prevent them from being caught.

Installation of elevators, and they were installed two, cost the city 4.5 million rubles. Installation of elevators in the above-ground passage near school No. 13 was also considered, but the management of the Sakhalin Oblast motor roads Sakhalin-Kurily plans to monitor the already installed elevators in the transitions, and then decide on the installation of new elevators.

In order not to advertise miracle elevators, we do not call manufacturers of these lifts.

P. S. Passengers of any lifts and lifting mechanisms, entering the cabin of an unfamiliar elevator. Recall, the installation of the first two elevator lifts on an elevated pedestrian crossing in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk completed this summer. Their cost is 4.5 million rubles. The issue of installation of elevators on the above-ground passage near school No. 13 was also considered. However, the management decided to first monitor the operation of the first lift. be sure to read the instructions for using the lift. And who suffers from claustrophobia, it is better to refuse to use the elevator and run down the stairs. And health benefits and do not fall into such a curiosity.

Road to the castle of Albertis on the lift cable car.

Where in Italy can you see the lift-funicular?

Of course, in the city of Genoa. The elevator is located in a beautiful medieval mansion, on the hill of Montegallo. Albertis Castle was built in 1886-1892 on the site of the foundation of the old castle of the bastion, which was here since the 16th century. On the order of the master of the castle of Captain Enrico Alberto d'Albertis, the engineers Graziani and Francesco Parodi carried out all the work on building the building under the supervision of the architect Alfredo D'Andrade.

Albertis

Captain Enrico d'Albertis was a sailor and served in the Italian naval, and then - merchant fleets. In 1879, he opened the first yacht club in Italy and on two boats went on the route of Christopher Columbus using the same navigation instruments. After several round-the-world Enrico, he also participated in archaeological excavations around the world and collected an excellent ethnographic collection of various cultures of the world. Here you can see various objects of everyday life of American and African tribes and you can get to know the life and faith of the inhabitants of that time.

Albertis8

In 1929, in order to get to Albertis Castle, you had to walk along a 200 meter tunnel on foot and then climb up a vertical shaft 72 meters upwards on an ordinary passenger lift. But at the end of the 20th century, the constructions of the elevator shaft and all the mechanisms became useless, their major reconstruction was required. The castle museum was closed for reconstruction. The project and all the works were financed by the municipality of Genoa, the Government of Liguria and the Urban II Society. Already in 2004, a funicular was installed in the tunnel, lifts were installed and passenger elevators were reopened. That is, the Museum of the History of World Cultures again began to receive visitors.

Albertis1

The new lift combines the properties of a horizontal, inclined cable car and the properties of a conventional passenger elevator, not even one but two elevators. Both elevator cabins are designed for 23 people each.
Albertis2


The principle of operation is very simple. In the tunnel along the rails, the cab pulls the motor at a speed of 4.5 m / s using a looped steel cable running along the guide rollers. The railway track is a narrow-gauge railway that branches into two ways in front of the elevator shaft.

Albertis3

Since there are two booths and two elevator shafts, and there is only one way, one cabin will wait for another until it passes the horizontal path. With the help of the automatic elevator control system, cabins can not be on the same path as the horizontal section passes. After the entrance of the cabin to the elevator shaft, it is grasped by the rubber pulleys of the pneumatic actuators and inserted into the guide shafts of the elevator.

Albertis6

Further, the cabin of the passenger lift rises to 72 meters at a speed of 1.6 m / s. Maintenance of elevators is carried out by employees of the Genoese municipal transport company AMT.
At the top is the castle of Albertis, the former home of Captain Enrico Alberto d'Albertis, who bequeathed the castle to the city of Genoa and after the death of Enrico in 1932 he moved to the municipality as the Museum of the History of World Cultures.

Monumento Colombo

It's very easy to find a lock. From the main train station of Genoa, Piazza Principe, you need to walk to the monument to Christopher Columbus, then go to the left side of Via Balbi.

vhod Balbi

Under the signboard of the Hotel Vittoria and the entrance to the tunnel of the castle of Albertis.

Watch the video about the lift funicular.

Installation of elevators. Inclined elevators

Installation of inclined elevators

Naklonnyi lift

An inclined elevator or escalator?

And what is the difference? Escalators, usually located in buildings or enclosed spaces, but the inclined lift can work on the streets, and in any natural environment, on the principle of the funicular. The inclined lift is a good solution for raising people to the altitude while having a panoramic view.

The main features of inclined elevators.

In principle, the equipment for lifting the inclined elevator consists of the same parts and structural elements as in conventional vertical elevators. Maintenance of elevators is carried out by the same maintenance personnel and does not represent any complexity.
Of course, there are some differences in the inclined lifts. Basically, they work on winches with no gear motors, on permanent magnets. Therefore, they work almost silently and without interruption. Guide cabins and winch elements do not require lubrication. Inclined elevators are installed, both indoors and outdoors, in natural conditions. They do not pollute the environment and are environmentally friendly.
All panoramic cabs of inclined lifts are made of impact-resistant car windows and their finish can be under any design and caprice of the customer. The doors of the sloping elevator booths can be single or double swinging with an upper or lower unlocking mechanism. Depending on the availability of space, the lifting equipment can be installed in the machine room or without it.
Depending on the destination and the number of passengers, the carrying capacity of inclined elevators can be from 300 kg to 2 tons or higher. If the inclined lift is designed for tourist trips so that you can safely inspect the panorama of the terrain, then its speed can be 0.6 m / s, for normal transportation - up to 1.6 m / s.
Depending on the tasks of the elevator and the building's structure, the inclined elevator can be installed at any angle: 15,30,45,60 and even 90 degrees. All equipment has a high resistance to fire and has an economical power supply up to 400 V and 50 Hz.

The main advantages of inclined elevators:

• Panoramic view from the elevator
• Safety and comfort in bad weather
• Quiet operation
• Easy to use for children and people with disabilities
• Lower maintenance costs for elevators
• Energy saving
Group of companies "MITOL" manufactures installation of elevators and maintenance of elevators. Here you can order the installation of elevators of any design, including the installation of an inclined elevator.

We are always glad to new clients! And our regular customers receive their privileges and discounts for installation and maintenance of elevators. Welcome!

Installation of elevators. Non-Lifting Force

"The rules of operating elevators are tightened in Russia"

Surely many had to get stuck in the elevator of high-rise buildings. Agree, the feeling is unpleasant. And on foot to climb to some 10th floor with bags after work very hard. Will the new rules for operating elevators help solve the old problem of elevator economy? What will change now? And most importantly - will it be safer to ride in elevators?

Shabashnikov not to let

In Russia, norms are introduced that will begin to regulate the movement of elevators. The rules of exploitation become tougher. All this is done because of alarming statistics. In the country today there are more than 400 thousand elevators, a third of them have already developed their own resource. Now the basic requirements for the work of elevators are contained in the technical regulations of the Customs Union, but this document is called a framework document - it specifies only general requirements for security.

The new document No. 743 with the long title "Rules for the organization of the safe use and maintenance of elevators, lifting platforms for people with disabilities, passenger conveyors and escalators, with the exception of escalators in subways" establishes the procedure for commissioning elevators, the order of their maintenance and the procedures necessary for decommissioning .

The work of elevators in high-rise buildings is now controlled only by service organizations: management companies, HOAs and HBCs. How they do it remains a mystery. Therefore, the state's fears are understandable.

The new rules provide that in every management company there must be a specialist who understands the elevator equipment. Mechanics will be able to start working only if they have a specialized education and they passed the qualification exam. And the elevator will be able to carry people only if information about it is entered in the register. This means that soon non-professional masters will lose the ability to service elevators.

Today, there are no strict requirements for masters. As a result, they do not always cope with the work entrusted. And even sometimes they die during the work.

You can give many examples of non-professional approach to maintenance of elevators. For example, last year in Moscow in the LCD "Scarlet Sails" elevator car collapsed the fallen counterweight, a woman died. Rostechnadzor acknowledged that the cause of the accident was the failure to fully maintain the elevator maintenance in accordance with the manufacturer's operating instructions. And in January of this year in Kotelniki, an electrician was killed, who was engaged in the repair of the elevator: he fell into a mine and crashed.

If we talk about our region, then at the beginning of this year in one of the elevators of a high-rise building in Sochi an elevator with two children broke. They miraculously survived. The cabin is stuck between the floors. As it turned out, this is not the first time in this house.

Increased requirements with the entry into force of new regulations are also applied to a specialized organization. She must have staff who have been trained. Each mechanic must pass a qualification exam, the data on which will be entered in the federal register. Such employees will have personal responsibility. In the event of an accident, it will be possible to understand which of the employees performed their work poorly.

Lifts can stand up?

"KI" asked several questions to the vice-president of the National Lifting Union of Russia Alexei Zakharov, one of the initiators of the new rules. In the electronic letter "CI" formulated the most pressing issues.

- Alexey Sergeevich, can the situation with elevators in high-rise buildings be called deplorable?

- Yes, on average, about 50 people die per year in elevators. And a considerable part of them are mechanics themselves, who do not comply with security requirements. Therefore, it is necessary to take measures to update the elevator park very quickly.

- What basic theses in the new rules would you single out?

- Elevators must now be serviced at least once a month. Additionally - quarterly, semi-annual and annual maintenance. Once a year it is necessary to conduct tests of elevator safety devices - many management companies have forgotten about this before. There are cases when these types of work were delegated to specialized organizations, which can not be done. The registration of elevators will be restored, - this work has not been carried out in recent years. I emphasize that until now it was enough to go to a specialized organization and conclude a maintenance contract. There were no requirements, which, in fact, would have to be controlled.

- What do you consider the main achievement of the new rules?

- Introduction of such a concept as qualified personnel. That is, there must be a professional - an electrician who would clearly know and fulfill his duties.

- Do you have any concerns that the new rules can paralyze the elevator economy? Whence will there be money for maintenance, for electromechanics?

- This question has repeatedly sounded during the preparation of the document. The fact is that money for maintenance of elevators has already been put into tariffs. Simply, there were no mandatory requirements for maintenance of elevators, so the money was used for other purposes. That is, today, all tenants of high-rise buildings pay for maintenance of elevators.

- The second, no less important cause for concern. Does it not happen that the number of working elevators will drastically decrease. Can they be disconnected because they do not comply with the new rules?

- Last year, after the tragedy in the SC "Scarlet Sails", the Ministry of Construction made a total check. In 10% of cases, management companies, who knew their shortcomings, simply stopped the elevators. And immediately it became clear who is working normally and who is not. In my opinion, the first few months under the new rules will not be easy to work, but then everything will "get tired".

And how are we?

Fortunately, there were no accidents in the elevators in Krasnodar, but the situation in the apartment buildings is sharp. And all because of the fact that in the city there are still a lot of elevators, the service life of which expires soon.

Judge for yourself.

According to the deputy head of the housing department of the Department of Municipal Economy and Fuel and Energy Complex Natalia Starovoitova, in Krasnodar there are 1399 apartment buildings with elevators. There are 5994 lifts in them, 921 of them have already worked out their life or over-normative term - 25 years. And now they need not so much a repair as a complete replacement. In total in the province more than 3000 elevators need to be replaced. Meanwhile, according to the program of overhaul for 2017/2018, only 400 elevators are to be replaced.

In different years in Krasnodar the problem of old elevators was solved differently. To avoid disconnections, in many apartment houses elevators were partially repaired. For example, in the house number 118 on the street Selezneva. Residents could not allow the elevators to be turned off at all, and therefore did a partial repair to extend their life.

About five years ago in the city under the municipal program "Replacement of elevator equipment in multi-apartment buildings" more than 150 elevators were replaced. Among them - the house number 68 on Moskovskaya Street, No. 72 and 74 on Pochtova Street, No. 118 on Selezneva Street, No. 354 on Ryleeva Street. But it's a drop in the ocean.

This program was replaced by major repairs under Federal Law No. 185 "On the Foundation for Assistance to the Reform of the Housing and Communal Services". According to it, the owners on a share with the state have overhauled their homes, including changing old elevator equipment.

While tenants of apartment buildings entered into taste and estimated advantages of this overhaul, the program was closed. Over time, a new, regional overhaul program was opened.

Experts predict the real "leifofad" in the country, if at the federal or regional level programs for the replacement of elevator equipment will not be adopted. Taking into account the fact that the largest number of old age elevators was commissioned in the 70-80s of the last century, the 1985 birth year, the most productive one for the construction of forklifts in the residential sector, already claimed for "going to circulation". The question is who will pay for their replacement.

This year, the Ministry of Construction called crediting the accelerated replacement of elevator equipment in residential buildings with a priority departmental project.

In the Ministry of Construction believe that this project will allow for several years to update elevator economy.

In the current year, it is planned to replace 18 thousand elevators, 5000 of them - on an urgent basis, under contracts for an accelerated replacement. In 2016 12,5 thousand elevators were replaced, and in 2015 - 9,5 thousand. Until 2020, replace in Russia you need more than 80 thousand elevators.

Are management companies ready to work in new conditions?

According to Zinaida Savinova, Chief Engineer of MU REB No. 23, personally, for them and owners of high-rise buildings under their management, there will be no drastic changes:

- We work under a contract with a specialized accredited organization, there is an electromechanic in the state that checks the connection of the cabin with the dispatcher, the illumination, the accuracy of the stop and the reliability of locking the doors, and the mines are inspected. Explore the engine protection devices, traction sheave, ropes and other parameters. Analyzed brake devices, diverting blocks. The engine and cab suspensions are thoroughly inspected.

Zara Husht,
Zara@ki-gazeta.ru
Photo by Ivan Zhuravlev

Replacement of elevators is an expensive pleasure. The cost of only one entrance can be about 2 million rubles., Which is an enormous amount for residents. Therefore, the replacement of equipment is carried out only in the framework of targeted programs.

According to the norms, the lifespan of the elevator of different modifications is approximately 25 years. But it's no secret that in most of the old tenants' houses there are elevators for 30 and 50 years. Experts argue that without competent service the newest and fancy elevator will die in ten years.

The material is published on the website Krasnodar news .

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