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Assembling for Pharaoh

Lifts in Ancient Egypt


Last year mitol.ru quite regularly wrote about the most interesting and entertaining passenger elevators and hoists from different corners of our planet our planet. We told you how to perform the installation of lifts that are considered to be the highest and most voluminous in the world. You learned how to conduct maintenance of elevators in the United Arab Emirates and Brazil, had the opportunity to read about the work of lift emergency services worldwide. We have tried to initiate you into the history of the first elevators and tell about the know-how in the field of lift business, the facts of which sometimes is simply breathtaking.
And today we come down from the path of interesting facts and delve into the mystique of ancient Egypt, with its pharaohs, tombs and plunderers, and ... elevators.

The birth of a miracle


God's representative on earth considered pharaohs. Perhaps the most famous of these was the Cheops - the second pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt. Legends of the man that he was a despot, a cruel tyrant, for 27 years of his reign, throw all the forces and resources of Egypt on behalf of the construction of the monument itself, who later became the wonder of the world - the only extant, known to us as the Pyramid of Cheops. Ten years, according to Herodotus records, it took to build kilometer, stone-paved road to the tomb, twenty years - to build a pyramid. And how long it took human lives, history is silent.
It is not known when it started and when completed the construction of the pyramid of Cheops, but in Egypt celebrated the start date of construction - August 23, 2480.
Collapsed this miracle was made of limestone and granite, on the hill. "Brilliant miracle decorated god Amon Ra sunlight" - describes an Egyptian nobleman pyramid of Cheops on papyrus, extant. Pyramid builders revived with white limestone, but in the 12th century AD, when the Arabs burned Cairo, residents built from this facing new homes.
230 meters in circumference and 146 meters in height - Pyramid of Cheops 3.5 thousand years was the tallest structure in the world. It was and remains a man-made wonder.

The fiasco of the Caliph


Inside the pyramid, since the burial of Pharaoh in her human foot never stepped around 3400 years. The first who dared to penetrate buildings covered with legends was a desperate man, part-time - Baghdad Caliph al-Ma'mun. In 831, he and his men managed to get into the main corridor of the pyramid - the Grand Gallery, where, beating a pair of granite plugs, hit the camera Pharaoh. There he found an empty granite sarcophagus, a layer of white dust of a few centimeters on the floor. And nothing more.
Al-Mamun was the Chamber of Pharaoh, groping around in the completely smooth walls, and again looking at the sarcophagus, and horror aware: publicly announce that the tomb really empty, then stand in the eyes of the local population liar, thief and treasure as consequence - a candidate for the constituency of Baghdad to the post of hangman. Revolt seemed inevitable.
But not for nothing that al-Ma'mun was a wise Caliph. He immediately ordered the faithful men brought from Baghdad gold, which threw up in a pyramid, removing thus a suspicion of stealing treasures.
However, since then and to this day no one can unravel the mystery - where the body of Pharaoh Cheops? The theory is constructed set, but one of the most likely, as probably the reader already guessed, is associated with an elevator. It's called - Theory lift.


Cheops2If this theory is confirmed, it will be possible to say with certainty that the world's first elevator installation was made in about 2480 BC. It is true that the elevator can not be called, for example, hydraulic, and lift it is called, to be honest, can not. He was a one-off, and only move down.

The theory of the elevator says that the so-called wall chambers with an empty sarcophagus of Pharaoh that he had found the poor fellow Al-Mamun - only mine, and floor of the chamber - a huge roof of the elevator car, which is, in fact, is the burial place of Pharaoh Cheops and all its treasures. Designed and installed an elevator architect Hemiunu.
Project Hemiunu in his own genius. According to him, on the floor of the mine was established several large and strong salt pillars on which to build a square stone cage, whose walls are tightly adhered to the walls of the mine. The only way out of the elevator led to the Grand Gallery. The elevator was built sarcophagus, which was laid with all the honors of the deceased pharaoh.
When all the burial ceremony had been met, the output of the elevator, the tomb was battened down, and the pyramid - is firmly plugged. Once, in the venting channels in the lower section of the mine began to pump water from which the salt pillars supporting the elevator, melted. Salt melted - lift slowly lowered until the level of its roof, which, as we recall, was installed a fake coffin, does not match the level of the floor of the Grand Gallery (by the way, a small difference in the levels still remained). A white dust, discovered Al-Mamun, - a product of friction stone walls of the elevator car on the same stone walls of the mine, plus salt residue from evaporated through the same vent water that has been superseded descended cabin.
Thus, according to the theory of lifts, the tomb of Pharaoh Cheops today - the latter is not plundered the pyramids of Egypt. However, the official science does not recognize this theory. However - and not refuted seriously. The only way to reliably make sure it's true, or just a beautiful legend - drill the floor of the Chamber of Pharaoh, which no one to this day has not done.
I wonder what kind of organization is authorized to issue paper, allowing unhindered poke puncher in the only surviving wonder of the world on the planet?

Assembling, sir!

Passenger lifts Albion


Our regular readers will no doubt have noticed that every country and almost every capital of the world, among other places, as a rule, has some unusual elevator, a kind of lift with a twist. And how could England, the great region of fog, the birthplace of football and noble gentlemen of Sherlock Holmes and Oliver Twist be an exception to this rule? No, sir, could not and did not!

A bit of history

parovoy liftIndustrial enterprises in England were among the first in the world began to use freight elevators, driven by steam. There are documents dating from 1835, which referred to steam elevators. However, the idea was soon abandoned this: to lift acted, the steam engine was run continuously, and for large enterprises, where the lift used sporadically, it was unproductive and unprofitable.
In 1849 an English hotel «Osmaston Manor» elevator was installed - the world's first ski lift with hydraulic cylinder plunger type of direct action.

Tower Bridge

In 1894, the London Tower Bridge was opened, in the towers which were 2 hydraulic lift up to 40 people, one of whom worked on the rise, and the second - on the descent. The two towers were connected by a gallery, which originally served to go on the opposite shore, when the bridge was diluted. But because of the frequent robberies that took place in them in 1910, they were closed and today visitors can see only the outside of the mechanisms of previous years. Now the gallery is a museum of the Tower Bridge and the observation deck offers beautiful views of London from the Thames.

Eternal elevator

PaternosterThree facts: the eternal elevator was invented in England, he is the slowest in the world and it has no doors.

Paternoster - the name is a passenger Paternoster - design, which is a chain of elevator cars that move one after the other, even for a second without stopping. At any time when the cabin paternoster passes through floor, it is possible to enter or exit. This system is perhaps best characterized by one of the translations of the word paternoster - «rosary." Cabins really like beads that in turn, one after the other fingering.

Paternoster were appreciated by large companies and government agencies, is located in multi-storey buildings with a large staff. Elevator installation is not particularly difficult, his cabin, one after another continuously moving through the building, perfectly cope with passenger traffic of any intensity. Needless to say, that the phrase "to wait for the elevator" in such institutions to abolish itself as unnecessary?

In 20-30 years of the last century, several ministries and departments of Moscow were equipped Paternoster. In the current Russian Ministry of Agriculture building these passenger lifts, already assembled in 1933, work fine so far.
Information about the world's first Paternoster very little. Most sources indicate that the pioneer was like an elevator installed in the English town of Essex. Elevator installation was carried out in 1884. Lift this, incidentally, also live to this day!
In our time, the installation of new Paternoster in some countries has been banned because construction lifts are not adapted for the disabled. I wonder what Paternoster, from England quickly spread across Europe, were completely unknown in the United States. However, there is nothing surprising: in terms of lift business America went on its way ahead, I must say, the rest of the world. At the time, while England reveled in Paternoster, American Mr. Otis elevator and created his emergency brake, which still amazes with its simplicity and genius everyone who has anything to do with the installation of lifts.

The most delicious elevator

Have you ever wanted to lick ... lift? It is possible that after reading the following text, want. And while you're trying to figure out what was happening and looking for the catch, we start ...


Remember the tale of the gingerbread house, where she was a witch, has used this very flat as bait for the kids? One of the London-based firm went further, deciding to create a gingerbread elevator.
In order to diversify boring life of clerks and give them a bit of joy, the firm «Engine», office of which is located on Great Portland, decided to decorate the walls of the elevator famous fruit and a jam biscuits «Jaffa Cake». The design of the elevator took in 1300 of cookies. The project a few weeks worked a staff of technicians and artists. According to one of the project leaders, the idea of creating such a lift was not inspired by the tale of the gingerbread house, and the movie "Charlie and the Chocolate Factory."

However, not all employees of the company «Engine» embraced the idea with enthusiasm, rushed to lick sweet wall. Many confused, to say the least, some unhygienic project. However, the management company says that at the height of hygiene.
- The walls are covered with special wallpaper elevator, on which are mounted «Jaffa Cake». If at least one visit a cookie used to be licked, lifter immediately swap it with fresh. Be sure that any biscuits licking in the elevator, you - the first who did it - assured the representative of the «Engine» in an interview with a British weekly.

It turns out that workers performing maintenance of the elevator, it is necessary, among other things, to change cookies on its walls.
However, this idea has a positive side. For example, for a long time to get stuck in a lift, waiting for the elevator emergency service, not so bad. At least starvation stuck in it just is not threatened.

Installation of elevators for transport

Installation of elevators for transport

Installation of automotive lifts

Lift car3

On the roads - traffic jams, the courtyards of houses, organizations and enterprises causing the car, parking space every year becomes more expensive - this is, unfortunately, the reality of each major city of the world. Car is becoming more and it has long been not just a means of transportation, and the whole culture. Everywhere for them arise tire service centers, electronic diagnostics. Why are there - even special movie theaters and cafes. And elevators, of course.

Lift car4

Car lifts are used throughout and all. Car services they purchase in order to repair the car, car dealers and multi-level garages - to transport cars from level to level, car parks - to save space, private individuals - for convenience and to increase their own prestige in the eyes of neighbors.

Car lift - parking

Lift car8

Initially, it must be said, was one of the smart way to increase the number of seats on the covered parking lot. Recently, this idea was used in not very large in area institutions: business centers, restaurants, and even in apartment buildings affluent areas.
The design and installation of an elevator is very simple: between two racks mounted a broad platform lift. It is made usually of durable, multi-layer stainless.

The owner of the car pulls into the platform stops the engine, down to earth and a touch of a button raises his four-wheeled friend to a height of a couple of meters. Formed under the platform usable space, which immediately takes another car. However, the one who is located directly on the platform, often for good reason there are problems with the departure. However, it is not uncommon for standard parking.

Lift car5

Such an idea - a treasure trove for large sites. If an installation of two elevators, one of the pillars usually becomes common to both, which is very profitable.
Not disdain innovation and the owners of cottages, slowly increase the usable area of your garage. However, many have to deepen the garage so that he could accommodate two cars in height.

Car lift - lift

Lift car1

It is this simple design - namely, four post car lift type - often used in multi-level parking, large warehouses, service centers and distribution centers. The design is simple, but in this case - is practical and more convenient.
Elevator installation is carried out just like all brilliant. Four strong steel rack, they - the guides, set loading platform, driven by strong chain drives. On the level of strength and the number of racks and power drives depends on carrying capacity of the elevator car. For parking is often - 5000 - 6000 kilograms.

Lift car6

Vehicle Lifts four-post type necessarily equipped with reliable security system, including an emergency brake device monitors the status of the chains and, of course, a function of emergency braking.
The platform on which the calls in the car, opened the front and rear, making transport can be downloaded at any level of the parking lot, in any direction.
Large enterprises, building and parking for transport of personnel, more often and bought large amounts of assembling automotive lifts, seeking to more efficiently use the area.

Car lift - exhibition

Lift car9

Who has ever been to a large, international automobile exhibition, certainly remembers how effectively the new models appear as if from nowhere, and slowly rotate before the astonished eyes of the spectators.
The secret is that the car ahead of time put on a special 360-degree rotating platform, the so-called turntable. At first glance it may seem that the use of the turntable purely decorative - for effect, but where to make the maneuver by car is not possible, the turntable - perhaps the only way out. That is why car lifts in large car parks, often equipped with them.

Car lift - garage

 Lift car7

If the machine takes up space on the plot, you're thinking about building a garage, and money do not mind, you can order the creation of an underground garage, where transport will be effectively lowered on the lift.
That is the garage, in fact, will lift. In the raised position, it is a sort of canopy fixed to four racks. Moves this edifice extremely powerful electric drive.

In general version of this seductive only because the chance of stealing a car from the garage of the virtually zero. When closed, the garage is invisible on the roof it can be broken lawn with sun loungers or, for example, put the doghouse. How effectively will be the appearance of the car from the ground in the morning ...
That's the neighbors will be jealous!

Miracle Lift Autostadt.

The world's largest vehicle delivery center Autostadt.

Assembling on the Brazilian system

Assembling in Brazil

Average Russian Brazil is known already that gave the world the carnival, "Slave Izaura" as well as Pele and his ilk. This sunny carnival-edge football, seems to know worries, and its inhabitants only do they watch soap operas and white-toothed smile. Write about Brazil can be infinite, but as soon as we are interested in assembling, you start with one of the most famous lift this country, and one of the world famous ski lifts.

Elevator between the two cities

Lacerda - the so-called colossal height of 72 meters construction of two towers in the city of Salvador, one of which conceals four elevator shaft. In the other is a clever mechanism with counterweights leading elevators in motion. In the mines, made the installation of elevators, each of which can accommodate up to 32 passengers and 30 seconds to raise them to 50 meters.
It is clear that after all of this information, the reader there is only one question: "Why did he actually raises them there?" And to answer it, you need to move in 1869.


City Salvador - Duplex. "Lower City" is located at sea level, it is thriving trade, mining and oil refining, tourism and beach holidays, there come marine vessels. "Upper Town" - cultural administrative region of El Salvador. That there are government buildings, museums, churches. Until 1873 to get out of the "upper" in the "lower city" could only walk.
So was 1869. Businessman, and in combination - a talented engineer Antonio de Lacerda had the idea of a giant hydraulic lift that would connect the two cities. He shared his idea with his brother Augusta immediately sat down to design the project. When the project was ready to implement his father joined the brothers Antonio Francisco de Lacerda, allocate considerable sums of money for the construction.
In December 1873 lift, equipped with a pair of hydraulic elevators, was opened and received the name «Elevador do Parafuso». And only 23 years later, in 1896, the design was just named after its creators - Lacerda. After 10 years of hydraulic lifts were equipped with electric motors, and in 1930, in addition to maintenance of elevators, was rebuilt tower construction, and added 2 more cabins.
In our time, the passenger elevator transports about 28 000 people a day. Lacerda lift imprinted on many stamps and postcards, and is one of the most visited places in Brazil.
That's the story of how a family project has become one of the main attractions of El Salvador.

Elevators for Champions

Present the World Cup almost threw Brazil into mourning. Recall, "Kings of Football" first team lost to Germany 1: 7, and then the Netherlands 0: 3, depriving themselves of a place on the podium. In general, whether the Japanese Brazilians, there were would be no mass seppuku ...
But it's, you guessed it, will not defeat this football century, but the passenger and freight elevators, the company «Thyssen Krupp Elevator» manufactured specifically for football stadiums in which it happened.

Arena Castelao

Installation of 16 elevators was performed at the stadium «Arena Castelao» in the city of Fortaleza. Most of these lifts - passenger elevators model «Synergy»: without machine room. These lifts have reduced power consumption, ease of installation and great value for the speed and capacity - 1 m / s from 8-12 passengers. Car parking «Arena Castelao» has three freight elevators.

Gremio Arena

The stadium «Gremio Arena» in Allegri «Thyssen Krupp Elevator» completed installation of 18 elevators. Design lifts designed individually for a VIP-zone, press and mixed zones, the main playground and restaurants. Cabins all passenger lifts are made of stainless steel, fitted with LED lamps.
In addition, these lifts are environmentally friendly and do not require frequent maintenance of elevators.

The most terrible elevator

Imagine the situation:
You need on the 10th floor and you alone take the elevator, press the button, the doors are closed. Cab soft push begins almost silent movement, which indicates perfect lift maintenance. Figures floors for light bursts. Suddenly, the light starts to blink, then goes out. The elevator stops, there is a loud rattle, and - silence ...

After ten seconds, the emergency lighting. You can see that you are faced with a small blond girl in white dress. Her face monotonous dirty gray. In the hands of a girl holding an absolutely bald rubber Pups. She looks up at you sad eyes, silently watching a couple of seconds and then starts screaming hysterically ...
So here's raffle, it is able to turn the passenger elevator in the factory for the production of organic fertilizer, Brazilian TV crew entertained the spectators. Victims of the draw came in tow, where it was installed a hidden camera. Girl made up as a corpse, penetrated into the elevator through a small hidden door.
Movie was a huge success, and after a while the author withdrew its continuation. Scene of action was again a passenger lift, and a bogey at this time was "reviving the dead" in a coffin, which allegedly had to lift to the top floor.
Here's a she, the Brazilian system ...

Maintenance of elevators through the prism of humor

Maintenance of elevators through the prism of humor

Nikolai Petrovich was a master of his craft. It is recognized and superiors and subordinates. Despite the fact that he, the foreman, was supposed to watch his soldiers conduct installation of elevators, he in his 50 without hesitation went down into the mine and showed a master class. If any team for several days could not launch a new passenger elevator, first called colleagues maintenance of elevators, then - skilled elevator emergency services, followed - in the head office, to the authorities and only then, if all of this was in vain - uncle Kolya.

Lift ne rabotaet1

Maybe - from an excess of respect, and perhaps out of skepticism: Nikolai seriously believed in God lifts. And, interestingly, always found the problem.
Nikolai lives in our house knows how many years. Now Uncle Nick - Director of the largest company engaged in the field of our lift maintenance, and before he was foreman of the team who install elevators across the country. Home then he appeared short visits.
- Well you like a sea captain - teased him spouse. - Remember though, that our youngest something already went to school?
Humour - this is their family trait. Uncle Nick just frowned - "youngest" Serge recently dembelnulsya.

Needless to say, not without funny stories with elevators.

So, Uncle Nick - master installation of lifts. And, of course, ironically passenger elevators in our home with him even Khrushchev era, with all the consequences: burning button of the elevator car, wedging the door of old age. In short, the staff elevator emergency service we were frequent guests ... And everything is nothing, if not eternal scourge of "disadvantaged" neighborhoods - teenagers in doorways, perceptive (and more insulting - used) elevator car as a toilet.
We, the residents, and has a new lock on the door set - nothing helped. Shantrapa like seeped into the entrance, spreading the smell of bulls and fume. It was suspected that they opened the door a couple of students who lived in our porch. Subsequently, the suspicion was confirmed.

Lift ne rabotaet2a

On Sunday morning, I did not have a cigarette. I got dressed and left the apartment. Elevator somehow did not want to be called, and had to go down the stairs. On the first floor I saw Uncle Kolya. He stood in the elevator shaft, the cabin is hung between the first and second floors. Petrovic was squatting and enthusiasm to drill holes in the floor of the cabin, not noticing me. Thinking that the service elevators in our house once, will be held at the highest level, I silently went to the store for cigarettes.
When I returned, Nikolai Petrovich had already finished drilling. Now he took a pair of interior panels in the car and did something with wires. Me he still did not notice and decided that it should not distract, I went into the apartment, wondering what he was doing.

An hour later - the doorbell. Opens - Nikolai Petrovich. Stands and smiles.
- Come on, - said. - I have invented such a thing! Instantly forget how to lift shit!
We went up in the elevator, the door of which was open.
- Look, - he pointed to the floor - you can see the pins?
From the floor really stuck out a couple of short metal bars, each not more than half a centimeter.
- This sensor - continued Uncle Nick. - The pins are connected to the electronics. Eh, I do not envy him who is here to go to small pleases.
- What are you doing! - I'm scared. - And if it so shandarahnet that snaps.
- No, - he laughed Uncle Kolya, lighting - the current one will not be beat. Just if someone piss floor elevator, and hence the pins, the relay contacts will close the "Stop" button. It was then, and we ...
... And Petrovich ran a finger across his throat.

Late in the evening of the same day someone banged on the door of the elevator car from the inside. I rushed to the site and saw the epic picture: Nikolai Petrovich, in shorts and torn vest, armed imposing thick stick on type - metal, runs down the stairs with a straight face rottweiler who stepped on the tail of the elephant.
A little later there was a cry, remarkably similar to the pig squeal.
Then all was quiet. I started to go downhill. After a while he heard the terrible:
- And what would your foot was not here!
Raging tramp and slamming the front door. After passing a couple of missions, I found Uncle Kolya, panting at the open elevator. He relied on his formidable stick.
- Iron? - I asked.
- Do not! Bamboo in rubber - explained Petrovic. - Brother three years ago in Beijing went - brought, gave.
- Strongly you hit him?
- Do not even touch - Nikolai Petrovich laughed. - He's like me with a stick saw him almost seizure did not happen - screamed bloody murder.
I looked into the elevator - in the cabin was surprisingly clean.
- So I have this - it made wipe - apologetically explained Uncle Nick.
- What he wiped?
- Sweatshirts her. Or jackets, it would seem.
We stood at a little cabin and began to climb the stairs.
- Similarly, jackets, - I heard a thoughtful voice of Uncle Kolya behind him.
More in the elevator with us, no one crapped out.

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