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Assembling for Pharaoh

Lifts in Ancient Egypt


Last year mitol.ru quite regularly wrote about the most interesting and entertaining passenger elevators and hoists from different corners of our planet our planet. We told you how to perform the installation of lifts that are considered to be the highest and most voluminous in the world. You learned how to conduct maintenance of elevators in the United Arab Emirates and Brazil, had the opportunity to read about the work of lift emergency services worldwide. We have tried to initiate you into the history of the first elevators and tell about the know-how in the field of lift business, the facts of which sometimes is simply breathtaking.
And today we come down from the path of interesting facts and delve into the mystique of ancient Egypt, with its pharaohs, tombs and plunderers, and ... elevators.

The birth of a miracle


God's representative on earth considered pharaohs. Perhaps the most famous of these was the Cheops - the second pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt. Legends of the man that he was a despot, a cruel tyrant, for 27 years of his reign, throw all the forces and resources of Egypt on behalf of the construction of the monument itself, who later became the wonder of the world - the only extant, known to us as the Pyramid of Cheops. Ten years, according to Herodotus records, it took to build kilometer, stone-paved road to the tomb, twenty years - to build a pyramid. And how long it took human lives, history is silent.
It is not known when it started and when completed the construction of the pyramid of Cheops, but in Egypt celebrated the start date of construction - August 23, 2480.
Collapsed this miracle was made of limestone and granite, on the hill. "Brilliant miracle decorated god Amon Ra sunlight" - describes an Egyptian nobleman pyramid of Cheops on papyrus, extant. Pyramid builders revived with white limestone, but in the 12th century AD, when the Arabs burned Cairo, residents built from this facing new homes.
230 meters in circumference and 146 meters in height - Pyramid of Cheops 3.5 thousand years was the tallest structure in the world. It was and remains a man-made wonder.

The fiasco of the Caliph


Inside the pyramid, since the burial of Pharaoh in her human foot never stepped around 3400 years. The first who dared to penetrate buildings covered with legends was a desperate man, part-time - Baghdad Caliph al-Ma'mun. In 831, he and his men managed to get into the main corridor of the pyramid - the Grand Gallery, where, beating a pair of granite plugs, hit the camera Pharaoh. There he found an empty granite sarcophagus, a layer of white dust of a few centimeters on the floor. And nothing more.
Al-Mamun was the Chamber of Pharaoh, groping around in the completely smooth walls, and again looking at the sarcophagus, and horror aware: publicly announce that the tomb really empty, then stand in the eyes of the local population liar, thief and treasure as consequence - a candidate for the constituency of Baghdad to the post of hangman. Revolt seemed inevitable.
But not for nothing that al-Ma'mun was a wise Caliph. He immediately ordered the faithful men brought from Baghdad gold, which threw up in a pyramid, removing thus a suspicion of stealing treasures.
However, since then and to this day no one can unravel the mystery - where the body of Pharaoh Cheops? The theory is constructed set, but one of the most likely, as probably the reader already guessed, is associated with an elevator. It's called - Theory lift.


Cheops2If this theory is confirmed, it will be possible to say with certainty that the world's first elevator installation was made in about 2480 BC. It is true that the elevator can not be called, for example, hydraulic, and lift it is called, to be honest, can not. He was a one-off, and only move down.

The theory of the elevator says that the so-called wall chambers with an empty sarcophagus of Pharaoh that he had found the poor fellow Al-Mamun - only mine, and floor of the chamber - a huge roof of the elevator car, which is, in fact, is the burial place of Pharaoh Cheops and all its treasures. Designed and installed an elevator architect Hemiunu.
Project Hemiunu in his own genius. According to him, on the floor of the mine was established several large and strong salt pillars on which to build a square stone cage, whose walls are tightly adhered to the walls of the mine. The only way out of the elevator led to the Grand Gallery. The elevator was built sarcophagus, which was laid with all the honors of the deceased pharaoh.
When all the burial ceremony had been met, the output of the elevator, the tomb was battened down, and the pyramid - is firmly plugged. Once, in the venting channels in the lower section of the mine began to pump water from which the salt pillars supporting the elevator, melted. Salt melted - lift slowly lowered until the level of its roof, which, as we recall, was installed a fake coffin, does not match the level of the floor of the Grand Gallery (by the way, a small difference in the levels still remained). A white dust, discovered Al-Mamun, - a product of friction stone walls of the elevator car on the same stone walls of the mine, plus salt residue from evaporated through the same vent water that has been superseded descended cabin.
Thus, according to the theory of lifts, the tomb of Pharaoh Cheops today - the latter is not plundered the pyramids of Egypt. However, the official science does not recognize this theory. However - and not refuted seriously. The only way to reliably make sure it's true, or just a beautiful legend - drill the floor of the Chamber of Pharaoh, which no one to this day has not done.
I wonder what kind of organization is authorized to issue paper, allowing unhindered poke puncher in the only surviving wonder of the world on the planet?

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