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Installation of elevators. Skyscrapers of Hong Kong

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Today, Hong Kong is a high-rise building bursting into the sky. The city speaks with its inhabitants in the language of modernism and postmodernism. The architecture of Hong Kong is distinguished by Western style and functionalism. Due to the lack of land in the city, there are very few historical buildings left. Their places are occupied by skyscrapers above 150 meters. The modern diversity of Hong Kong architecture is due to the dynamic development of the city, mixing in it the architectural traditions of the East and the West, as well as economic indicators.

Western architecture came here in 1842, when the island was colonized by the British Empire. And until the Second World War, she peacefully got along with traditional Chinese buildings. It was after the British colonization and the growth of the city began, and with it the height of the buildings in it.

The birth date of Hong Kong skyscrapers can be called 1935. It was then that the building of the Hong Kong Bank was completed. It consisted of 13 floors and reached a height of 70 meters. However, high-rise residential buildings began to be built in Hong Kong only in 1955, when restrictions on the height of residential buildings were first lifted. In 1960, residential buildings already numbered up to 20 floors. For this there was a severe need. Hong Kong suffered from overpopulation - an influx of communist Chinese refugees was constantly entering the city.

The skyscrapers of Hong Kong today are the pearl of architectural development and the triumph of rationalism. Over the past two decades, a large number of residential and commercial skyscrapers have been built here. These modern towers hold the first place in the world in height. According to the latest data, in Hong Kong there are more than seven and a half thousand skyscrapers. By this indicator, he is ahead of even New York. The latest restrictions on the height of buildings in Hong Kong were lifted in 1998, after the closure of Kaitak Airport, located within the city.
Despite the harsh conditions of construction and the constant shortage of space for a growing population, Hong Kong does not forget its traditions. Even in the twenty-first century, the construction here takes into account the ancient science of Feng Shui. For example, Beim Yumin, the architect of the Tower of the Bank of China, had to make changes to his project to fit Feng Shui. Perhaps this makes sense, and ancient science plays its part in the commercial success of Hong Kong.
Consider the three tallest skyscrapers in Hong Kong.

Hong Kong International Commerce Center

First place is occupied by the International Commercial Center (International Commerce Center, ICC Tower). This 484 meters high skyscraper has 108 floors, plus another 4 underground floors. It was built in 2010 in the western part of the Kowloon district of Hong Kong. This is the seventh tallest building in Asia and the ninth largest in the world. Compared to the original design, the height of the building was reduced due to the ban on the construction of buildings above the surrounding mountains. Initially, the height of the skyscraper, according to the project was 574 meters, which would exceed the official ban.
The tower was designed by American architectural firm Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates (KPF) in partnership with Wong & Ouyang (HK) Ltd.

The top of the tower is a five-star hotel, managed by the firm Ritz-Carlton. This is one of the tallest hotels in the world and is located at an altitude of 425 m. For a rapid advance along a skyscraper, there are 30 high-speed elevators. But besides the installation of elevators, the builders installed 14 transfer-lifts and two VIP-lifts. Construction of the International Commercial Center in Hong Kong began in 2002 and the object was successfully commissioned in 2010.

Hong Kong IFC Two

The second highest is the International Financial Center (Eng. International Finance Center). But this is a complex of buildings consisting of two skyscrapers (One IFC and Two IFC), the IFC Mall and the 40-storey Four Seasons Hotel Hong Kong.

We will consider only the highest building of the complex, Two IFC. This skyscraper with a height of 412 meters is the second in Hong Kong, the 17th in Asia and the 26th tallest building in the world. Construction began in 2000 and was completed in 2003. Designed by Cesar Pelli, the building was built by Asia's largest company, Sun Hung Kai Properties. The building is 412 meters high and has 88 floors with a total area of ​​185,805 m². High-speed passenger elevator service is carried out in four zones by qualified specialists, as there are 62 elevators in the skyscraper. In the skyscraper there are 22 trading floors, 14 floors are occupied by the Hong Kong Financial Department. On the 55th floor there is an exhibition on the history of Hong Kong coins and the Hong Kong Financial Management Library, which are open to the public during office hours.

Tower Two IFC appears in the film Lara Croft: Tomb Raider 2 - The Cradle of Life.
From October to November 2003, the Financial Times, HSBC and Cathay Pacific companies placed an advertisement on the facade of the building with an area of ​​19 thousand m² and a length of 230 meters. The advertisement stretched over 50 floors and made it the largest advertisement ever placed on a skyscraper.

Hong Kong Central-Plaza

The third tallest building is Central Plaza (the English Plaza) - a 78-storey skyscraper in Hong Kong with a height of 374 meters. It is mainly located office space. It is the 24th tallest building in Asia (the tallest building of the continent from 1992 to 1996) and the 31st tallest in the world (in 2015).
Central Plaza building has a triangular prism shape, which ends with a pyramid, topped with a 60 meter antenna.

The architects managed to place the building in a unique way. After all, it is located in front of the Hong Kong Exhibition Center, 180 meters high, next to the governor's administrative building, 176 meters high, on the one hand, and the three-story fire station building, on the other. The tower is clearly visible from the sea and floating above the skyscrapers seems to be 2 times higher.
At the base of the tower is a large pedestrian area with green alleys, fountains and benches for rest. Above the base rise 57 floors of offices, an observation deck for visitors opens up gorgeous views of the sea harbor and port, and five technical floors.

The building plan is formed by two equilateral triangles with cut corners. In the inner triangle are located elevators, stairs and technical equipment, in the outer - offices, viewing platforms. The tower serves 39 high-speed elevators. The facade of the building is lined with mirrored panels of various shades that are interspersed with horizontal stripes on its sides. The long vertical windows of the facade light up at night with multi-colored neon lights that highlight the contours of the building.

The Central Plaza skyscraper, along with Citic Plaza from Guangzhou, is the highest reinforced concrete building in the world.

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